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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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surname

CZERWIAKOWSKI

forename(s)

Sergius (pl. Sergiusz)

function

presbiter (i.e. iereus)

creed

Eastern Orthodox Church ORmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Orthodox Sankt Petersburg - Gdov eparchymore on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]

Orthodox Sankt Petersburg eparchymore on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]

Orthodox Chelm eparchymore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]

date and place
of death

12.11.1937

Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

details of death

From 21.02.1914, chaplain of the 21st Murom Infantry Regiment (as part of the 1st Infantry Brigade, 6th Infantry Division, 15th Army Corps) of the Imperial Russian Army, then stationed in Różan.

After the outbreak of World War I in 06.1914, participated in the clashes between the Russian army and the German army: near Orłowo (23.08.1914), Mielno (28.08.1914), as part of the Battle of Tannenberg, which ended around 30.08.1914, in which the Russians were soundly defeated.

His unit was surrounded. Himself was shell–shocked by the explosions of German mortars. On 31.08.1914 taken prisoner.

Held in 5 different POW camps where ministered as a chaplain. Released on 09.08.1918, after the separatist Bolshevik–German–Austrian treaty of 03.03.1918 in Brest–Litovsk, but before the end of World War I.

In view of the escape of most Russians from the occupied Polish territories in 1915 (the so‑called bezhenstvo) — also from his homeland — settled in Sankt Petersburg.

On 31.08.1937, arrested by agents of the genocidal Russian NKVD organization in Tyarlevo, where ministered.

Accused of „participating and leading an anti–Russian counter–revolutionary group”.

On 04.11.1937, in the so‑called „trial of protoiereus Czerwiakowski and others”, sentenced by the genocidal Russian hood court «NKVD Troika» for the Sankt Petersburg district to death.

Murdered prob. in prison.

His wife, after her husband's arrest, was sent to the town of Vyshny Volochyok.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

19.04.1889

Zabłudówtoday: Zabłudów gm., Białystok pov., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]

alt. dates and places
of birth

13.03.1889

Mokretoday: Bielsk Podlaski gm., Bielsk Podlaski pov., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.08.19]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1914

positions held

17.04.1920 – 31.08.1937

parish priest — Tyarlevotoday: Pushkin city reg., Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.08.19]
⋄ Transfiguration of the Lord OR church — according to some sources from c. 16.08.1923

1919

protoiereus (Eng. first priest) — Russian Orthodox Church — dignity conferment

21.11.1918 – 17.04.1920

rector — Detskoye Seloform.: Tsarskoye Selo
today: Pushkin, Pushkin city reg., Saint Petersburg city, Russia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.08.19]
⋄ Community of Sisters of Mercy of the Russian Red Cross Society ⋄ „Joy of All Who Sorrow” Icon of the Mother of God OR church — according to some sources until 16.08.1923 and the closure of the church by the Bolsheviks; on 11.03.1919 awarded, for service during World War I, with a kalimavkion, i.e. a special clerical headdress, and a nabedrennik, i.e. a rectangular scarf symbolizing a spiritual sword; on 30.09.1919 awarded with a pectoral cross, a decorative cross worn on the chest

21.02.1914 – 31.08.1914

chaplain — Imperial Russian Army — till taken prisoner by the Germans; in POW camps till 18.09.1918

1914

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) — Russian Orthodox Church — priesthood ordination

from 1914

married — at least one son

13.06.1913 – 1914

missionary — Russian Orthodox Church

till 1913

student — Chełmtoday: Chełm city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Orthodox Theological Seminary

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKVD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

sources

personal:
ru.openlist.wikiClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.08.19]
, kuz1.pstbi.ccas.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.08.19]
, konstantinpalace.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.08.19]

bibliographical:
Hierachy, clergy and employees of the Orthodox Church in the 19th‑21st centuries within the borders of the Second Polish Republic and post–war Poland”, Fr Gregory Sosna, M. Antonine Troc-Sosna, Warsaw–Bielsk Podlaski 2017

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