St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Servant of God
John (pl. Jan)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Society of the Divine Word (Verbites, Divine Word Missionaries, Steyler Missionaries - SVD)more on
diocese / province
Warmia diocesemore on
date and place of death
Stalino labour campGULAG slave labour camp network
today: Donetsk, Donetsk obl., Ukraine
alt. dates and places of death
details of death
After closure in 1938 of the missionary school and profanation of the church by the German National Socialists expelled in 1940 with other friars from Pieniężno.
Facing the final Russian winter offensive of 1945 of the World War II — started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — on German command orders started on 19.01.1945 evacuation, through Pasym towards Biskupiec.
Together with Fr Charles Heinrich reached Stryjewo village.
At the beginning of 02.1945 Russians entered the village.
Barged into the house he was in and threatened to kill all in a hour.
Did not fulfill that promise but on 17.02.1945 (or on c. 28.02.1945) arrested him together with Fr Frank. Marched them to nearby Jeziorany.
From there transported to Wystruć transit camp.
Next sent — on a railway transport lasting 32 days, in which c. 200 inmates perished — into the–then Russia, to a concentration camp n. Stalino (Donetsk) in southern Ukraine, together with Fr Charles Heinrich and Fr Helmuth Zint, among others.
There slaved in Work Battalion no 1015 n. Stalino among others.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Niederscheidweilertoday: Rhineland–Palatinate state, Germany
presbyter (holy orders)/
26.05.1927 (Maria EnzersdorfSt Gabriel missionhouse
today: Mödling dist., Lower Austria state, Austria)
others related in death
GRAWEClick to display biography Eberhard, HEINRICHClick to display biography Charles, JASCHOLTOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, PODLECHClick to display biography Ferdinand, ZINTClick to display biography Helmut
camps (+ prisoner no)
Stalino camps: Headquarters of a series of Russian slave labour concentration and POW camps, founded starting from 1942‑3, in Stalino (now Donetsk), centre of Donbas coal mining and steel making region in southern Ukraine. In 1944‑6 a control and filtration camp no 240 was set up and at the beginning of 1945 had c. sub camps, including in Yenakiyeve. POW camp no 280 was operational longer. Russians brought there internees from the regions captured by their army who had not managed to escape with withdrawing Germans, among others from Warmia. Most slaved in Donbas coal mines. Among those held were c. 4,782 soldiers of Polish Home Army AK and other independent resistance organizations (part of Polish Clandestine State). In 04‑05.1945 Russians sent tens of thousands of miners from Silesia to slave labour in Donbas mines — only some returned to Poland, 10 years later. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Wystruć: Russian transit camp set up in 1945 for German population of East Prussia — one of concentration centers of defeated Germans marked for slave work in Russia. In Wystruć (now: Chernyakhovsk) and in nearby Jurbork c. 60,000 people were held: men, women, girls and old. All were transported — in rail transfers lasting 4‑7 weeks, without hot food, proper sanitation — to Russians slave labour camps. Many perished before reaching destination… (more on: bazhum.muzhp.plClick to attempt to display webpage
Deportation of Germans to Russia in 1945: On 06.02.19454 Russian State Defence Committee issued an order to intern all Germans, mainly men, able to work from the German territories captured by Russian army and transport them into Russia — to slave labour camps in Donbas region in Ukraine, to industrial centers in Ural mountains, to Russian occupied Belarus, etc. — in order to rebuild destroyed by the war Russia. It was planned to use c. 500,000 Germans, 17‑50 years old, although in practice much older were also arrested. From Upper Silesia only c. 90,000 Germans and Poles were deported 20% of which returned after many years. Among the victims were members of Polish clandestine Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) fighting with Germans. Tens of thousands were deported from Warmia and Mazurian regions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
ekai.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23], www.seminarium.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19], files.bildarchiv-ostpreussen.deClick to attempt to display webpage
newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23], www.seminarium.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19], www.bildarchiv-ostpreussen.deClick to attempt to display webpage
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